Buying your vote
The 2012 election was all about money. Even in Montana, voters found themselves inundated with messages paid for by third-party groups backed by deep-pocketed donors. Nowhere was this outside influence more prevalent than in the contentious Senate race between Democrat Jon Tester and Republican Denny Rehberg. That race alone saw more than $30 million in spending, much of it by so-called "dark money" groups that masked their donors by hiding behind 501(c)(4) status. Karl Rove's Crossroads GPS directed millions at attack ads painting Tester as "Obama Lite," while groups like the League of Conservation Voters targeted Rehberg as an out-of-touch Washington hack. Tester won in the end, but nationwide, more than two-thirds of the 629 outside groups who spent heavy in 2012 backed losing candidates. One of the highest among them was the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
The Colorado-based nonprofit American Tradition Partnership wasn't particularly active on the campaign front this year. But the group made headway on a far larger agenda: chipping away at Montana's campaign finance laws. ATP succeeded in getting the U.S. Supreme Court to strike down Montana's 100-year-old Corrupt Practices Act this summer, and later convinced a judge to eliminate the state's campaign contributions limits for statewide and local races. The latter decision only stood for six days, but in that time the state GOP managed to donate $500,000 to gubernatorial candidate Rick Hill's campaign. A ProPublica report published this fall also linked ATP to potential illegal campaign coordination activities in the 2008 and 2010 Montana elections. The suspicions stemmed from a box of ATP documents found in a meth house in Colorado. The extent of ATP's campaign activity is still coming to light.
Montana's election brought about a host of new faces in high offices. Now-former Attorney General Steve Bullock, a Democrat, edged out Hill in the state's gubernatorial race. Bozeman conservative Steve Daines defeated state Rep. Kim Gillan, a Billings Democrat, for the U.S. House seat Rehberg vacated in his bid to oust Tester. Republicans also claimed the Office of Attorney General when Tim Fox trounced Helena attorney Pam Bucy. The closest race, however, was for Superintendent of Public Instruction. Democratic incumbent Denise Juneau beat Republican challenger Sandy Welch by a mere 2,231 votes.
Republicans retained control of both chambers of the Montana Legislature, but their power will be kept in check during the upcoming session with Bullock (figuratively, if not literally) inheriting Gov. Brian Schweitzer's veto branding iron.
Griz gone wild
The Montana Grizzlies ended the 2012 season by missing the playoffs for the second time in the last three years, falling to Montana State and finishing a lackluster 5-6. It marked the program's first losing season since 1985, but the more notable losses continued to happen off the field.
After reports of sexual assault involving members of the football teamincluding starting quarterback Jordan Johnsonand concerns over how those reports were handled by the administration, the University of Montana spent much of the year desperately trying to shake its sudden shift in reputation from "Griz Nation" to "Rape Nation." In January, President Royce Engstrom released an investigation report by former state Supreme Court Justice Diane Barz that stated, "UM has a problem of sexual assault on and off campus and needs to take steps to address it ..." Barz's findings led to the implementation of a new Student-Athlete Conduct Code and a series of community forums hosted by Engstrom, but it did little to stop the blitz of bad news.
The U.S. Department of Justice, the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the Department of Education all opened investigations, and the national media turned to Missoula for stories of how a bucolic college town had lost control. The New York Times and Gawker media's Jezebel blog filed two of the more notable accounts, with the latter titled, "My Weekend in America's So-Called Rape Capital."
Engstrom decided in March not to renew the contracts of athletic director Jim O'Day and head football coach Robin Pflugrad. Former assistant coach Mick Delaney came out of a short-lived retirement to assume head coaching duties and, after a national search, Kent Haslam, UM's associate athletic director during the ongoing controversy, was promoted to athletic director.
Perhaps the most notable change was an entire season without a new sexual assault charge. In fact, the now annual in-season player arrest looked quaint by comparison: Missoula Drug Task Force officers charged offensive tackle Trevor Poole with purchasing Ecstasy while attending a Halloween rave called the Disco Bloodbath.
Cannabis in the courts
For Montana's medical marijuana industry, the year was one of confusion, court appearances and ceaseless legal wrangling. After federal authorities raided dozens of caregivers who believed they were lawfully operating under the state's medical marijuana law in 2011, the caregivers spent much of 2012 battling the charges.
Most former caregivers pleaded guilty and hoped for leniency, but Montana Cannabis partner Chris Williams refused to admit wrongdoing. In September, he pleaded not guilty in federal court to eight felony drug and weapons charges. In the days leading up to his scheduled Jan. 4 sentencing, Williams faced more than 80 years in prison. Then, on Dec. 18, something extraordinary happened. Williams and the U.S. Department of Justice signed off on a post-conviction plea agreement. The highly unusual, if not unprecedented, move involved federal prosecutors opting to drop six of eight counts against Williams in exchange for Williams' agreement that he would not appeal the conviction. Rather than serving life in prison, Williams could serve as few as five years.
Williams' other partners also appeared in court this year. In September, one of the chief architects of the state's Medical Marijuana Act, Tom Daubert, received five years probation for his involvement with Montana Cannabis. "I am ruined in many respects," Daubert told Judge Dana Christensen during his sentencing.
Richard Flor, the first registered caregiver in the state, received five years in federal custody for his work with Montana Cannabis. He died on Aug. 29 while being transported from Montana to a federal institution. He was 68.
A fourth Montana Cannabis partner, Missoula attorney Chris Lindsey, also faces charges and is awaiting his sentencing on Jan. 4.
In the meantime, Lindsey, who serves as president of the Montana Cannabis Industry Association, worked to toss out changes to the state's medical marijuana law made by the 2011 Montana Legislature through a ballot referendum.
While that effort failed and former caregivers continue to appear in federal court, Montana's marijuana advocates haven't given up. Emboldened by votes to legalize cannabis for recreational use in Washington and Colorado, they've initiated a new campaign to legalize marijuana outright, filing the first round of paperwork required to put the issue to voters in 2014.
"We don't have to fight defensively anymore," cannabis advocate Bob Brigham told the Independent in November. "There's nothing more they can do to us."
Worst fire season in a century
Montana's 2012 wildfires burned more acreage than any year since 1910. According to the Northern Rockies Coordination Center, the state's 2,206 fires burned nearly 1.2 million acres and cost $113 million to suppress. The Ash Creek fire accounted for about 250,000 of those acres, or 391 square miles, devastating timber and grasslands and consuming 39 structures on and surrounding the Northern Cheyenne Reservation in southeastern Montana.
Closer to Missoula, the Sawtooth Fire west of Hamilton in the Bitterroot National Forest ignited on Aug. 30 and spread over 6,000 acres, leading to evacuation notices for some 400 homes and businesses. The smoke from the Sawtooth and other nearby fires in Montana and Idaho choked both the Bitterroot and Missoula valleys for more than a month. Between Aug. 21 and Oct. 1, the Missoula City-County Health Department issued unhealthy air-quality alerts 25 times.
Superfund for Frenchtown mill
This year the Environmental Protection Agency conducted an analysis of the contaminants left behind by a half-century of papermaking at the Frenchtown mill northwest of Missoula. It found a toxic soup of dioxins, furans, arsenic, chromium, lead, methylphenol and other chemicals in high enough concentrations that the agency asked the state for consent to add the 3,200-acre property along the Clark Fork River to the Superfund National Priorities List.
The Missoula Board of County Commissioners supported the listing. The commissioners are especially concerned about the site's 138 acres of sludge ponds and landfills located within the river's floodplain. "These areas are at risk of a catastrophic release by a large flood," they wrote in a letter to the Schweitzer administration in late November. Schweitzer responded by granting consent on Dec. 17.
A Superfund listing means the government can sue all prior landowners to pay for the cleanup, but figuring out who actually pays promises to be a complicated and drawn-out process. The current owner is the Illinois-based Green Investment Group, which, when it acquired the mill last year, absolved Smurfit-Stone (now owned by RockTenn) of all environmental liability.
The gay bashing that wasn't
Joseph Baken of Billings, 22, told police that he was celebrating his birthday on Aug. 5 at a downtown Missoula bar when, after inquiring about where he could find a gay club, he was lured outside and beaten up by three men.
Within 24 hours, the Facebook page Wipe Out Homophobia, with its more than 480,000 "likes," posted a picture of a clearly injured Baken. The post drew outrage from across the nation and, in Missoula, 560 people signed up to attend a pub crawl to support victims of homophobic violence.
But Baken made up the story. The Independent obtained a video showing how Baken sustained the injuries: doing a backflip off a Higgins Avenue curb and landing on his face. The video showed an uninjured Baken at 2:30 in the morningone hour after the time he told law enforcement that he had been assaulted. Before launching from the curb, a clearly intoxicated Baken said, "For Olympic gold!"
Two days after Baken reported the beating to police, he pleaded guilty in Missoula Municipal Court to misdemeanor filing of a false report. He received a suspended 180-day jail sentence and paid a $300 fine.
Contentious council debates
Another year, another series of spirited debates in Missoula City Council's chambers. In fact, with some issues, those spirited debates prompted outright confrontation.
The biggest fights and the longest lasting discussions focused on how Missoula should grow. For instance, on Dec. 10, there was a tense moment between Missoula City councilmen Bob Jaffe and Jon Wilkins that came during a public hearing on whether to allow accessory dwelling units, or "granny flats," in Missoula's residential neighborhoods. Jaffe accused Wilkins of spreading misinformation about the issue stemming from, as Jaffe put it, "unbelievable ignorance" or "deception." Wilkins didn't take kindly to the accusation, especially since he wasn't present in council chambers at the time. "Don't do that to me again," Wilkins said. "You got it?"
"Are you threatening me, Jon?" Jaffe replied.
The exchange marked one of the year's livelier moments in council chambers, and seemed in line with a generally hostile debate that spilled into local opinion pages and Jaffe's weekly listserv.
The other thorny growth issue involved how the city should pay for sidewalks. For more than 100 years, the law has required homeowners to foot the bill for for sidewalk construction, with tabs at times topping $10,000. That changed in September when council successfully created a new cost-sharing mechanismdrawing funds from Missoula's roads district, an already established taxto ease the burden on property owners.
Another piece of legislation that will leave immediate and tangible effects on locals is the November passage of Missoula's cellphone ban. The ordinance now makes it illegal to use a hand-held device while driving or biking. When the law takes full effect early next year, chatty scofflaws will be fined $100. Subsequent violations will be even costlier.
Lake County cops in court
In late 2011, the Independent reported on wide-ranging allegations of misconduct involving several law enforcement officers in Lake County, allegations those officers repeatedly denied. Now the officers are defending themselves in federal court.
In February, five current and former officers in the Lake County Sheriff's Department filed suit alleging that four of their colleagues retaliated against them for bringing forward evidence of wrongdoing within the department, ranging from a deputy's lies about serving as a U.S. Marine to several officers' involvement in a poaching group known as the "Coyote Club."
The plaintiffs claim that the defendants—Sheriff Jay Doyle, Undersheriff Dan Yonkin, and officers Mike Sargeant and Dan Duryee—acted "in concert and with criminal purpose," violating the federal Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, or RICO. Depositions were completed this month, and a trial is expected to begin in March 2013.
Meanwhile, in April, the Montana Public Safety Officer Standards and Training Council, or POST, a quasi-judicial board that polices the police, served certification revocation notices to Sargeant, Duryee and five other Lake County cops. Those cases are pending. They became more complicated in August when the POST Council placed POST Director Wayne Ternes, who led the investigations of the seven officers, on leave while he himself was investigated for what Missoula Police Chief Mark Muir, president of the Montana Association of Chiefs of Police, termed a "power grab."
Nearly two years to the day after Noah Pippin disappeared into the Bob Marshall Wilderness, search and rescue volunteers with the Lewis and Clark County Sheriff's Office found Pippin's remains near the Chinese Wall on Aug. 24. Authorities had long questioned whether Pippin, a former Marine with three tours in Iraq, had committed suicide in the backcountry. Sheriff Leo Dutton promptly dismissed the theory after reviewing the scene of Pippin's death. Pippin, it appears, got caught in a fall snowstorm while clambering across a scree slope. Dutton told the Indy in August that Pippin died from exposure.
The discovery put to rest a widely publicized mystery. Pippin's disappearance had prompted a string of media stories, from an Indy cover story in 2011 to an episode of Discovery Channel's "Disappeared" to an article in Outside Magazine last spring. In every instance, Pippin's parents held out hope that their son was still alive, and insisted that the search for him continue. The family gathered in Helena in late November for a ceremony honoring members of two separate search crews who had combed the Bob. There, they said that while grief over Noah's death is significant, they're relieved to finally have answers.