If you were shipwrecked on a desert island with only one food, what would you choose? Think survival. Only unprocessed, raw ingredients are allowed in this exercise—no energy bars or hamburgers.
Call it coincidence, call it cosmic, call it luck, but if you really were trapped on a desert island, one of the best foods you could hope to find is a food you’d actually be likely to find. Packed with energy, protein, fiber, vitamins and many other nutrients, coconut is a complete and proven survival food.
The coconut inhabits innumerable deserted islands thanks to a dispersal method by which it slowly floats around the ocean and occasionally makes landfall on suitable shores, where it sprouts and colonizes. This is one reason why coconut is the poster child for my personal culinary style: The Slow Boat School of Cooking.
Slow boat cooking is a regional cuisine focused on local ingredients, but not to the point of dogma. Slow boating allows the strategic application of select ingredients from faraway places—like coconuts—providing they adhere to two basic rules:
1. The faraway food in question cannot be grown at home, ever. This rules out imported fruits like strawberries and apples from the southern hemisphere in winter, when they’re out of season at home. Slow boat principles dictate that you preserve local foods in season and use the storage forms all year long, rather than buying the imported version out of season. Ingredients like coconuts, chocolate and black pepper cannot be grown at home.
2. Imported ingredients are allowed if they can be transported slowly, unrefrigerated—like the spice and pasta Marco Polo brought home in his slow boat from China. While realistically it’s hard to know by what mode your food arrived, if, in the evolution of our cuisine, we stick to foods that could be transported by slow boat, then we hold open the possibility that they will be. And we’ll create cuisines that could someday be close to carbon neutral, if some shipping companies would go back to using sailboats. In fact, Languedoc vineyards in France has begun shipping its wine this way.
Coconut brings a flavor and richness to the table that is as close to magical as food can get. It mixes harmoniously with many local ingredients, and today I’m going to focus on how it can be applied to elk and green chile.
The first step is to thaw your meat, which doesn’t have to be elk. It could be anything, even fish. If you have frozen green chile, thaw that too. If not, hang in there.
Many cooks, even in tropical countries where the coconuts drop from the trees, balk at making their own coconut milk. And while canned coconut milk qualifies as slow boat friendly, I prefer to make it fresh.
Picking a good coconut can be a crapshoot, but you can improve your odds by choosing coconuts that feel heavy for their size, don’t have cracks or mold on the outside, and have audible water sloshing inside. Consider bringing a bowl to the store. Smash your new coconut on the parking lot, drain the water into the bowl, and taste it. If it tastes rotten, exchange the coconut for another and try again. Alternatively, you can keep a can of coconut milk as a backup in case of a bad coconut.
Pull apart your smashed coconut and bake the broken shards at 350 degrees for 30 minutes, or until the edges start to turn golden. Remove from heat and let cool. Chop the flesh, which should pull away from the shell easily with a butter knife or spoon, and put it in a food processor or blender. Grind for about three minutes, and then slowly add 2 cups of water. Blend/process for three more minutes. Let steep for 15 minutes, and then pour the whole business through a filter. A tea strainer or paint strainer works well. Squeeze all the liquid into a bowl. Set aside the leftover coconut flesh to add to your next stir-fry.
Cut your meat into 1-inch chunks and squeeze a few slow boat limes over the chunks. Marinate 15 minutes, and then brown the meat in a pan with hot oil. When brown, add a sliced onion, a few chopped garlic cloves and some lime leaves (I get mine from a local greenhouse).
I buy green chiles by the bushel in August, when they’re in season, and roast and freeze them for year-round use. If you didn’t do this, you have permission to go buy fresh Anaheim or New Mexico chile peppers from the store, and roast them yourself to make this dish.
While the meat is browning, peel and clean 7 to 10 chiles under running water, removing seeds if you wish, and chop them.
After you add the onions and garlic to the pan, let them cook until they start to sweat, then add your coconut milk. Stir, add soy sauce to taste, and squeeze in a few more limes. Simmer five minutes, add the green chile, simmer two more minutes and turn off the heat. Serve with rice, and garnish with cilantro if you have any on board.
Bending or breaking a rule here or there won’t capsize the slow boat. The course you sail is a balance between choosing your ingredients thoughtfully and steering clear of self-deprivation. The world offers fabulous fruits; indulge responsibly.
Ask Ari: Grass be gone
Q: Hi Ari,
I’m a fan of your column. I hope you are enjoying New Mexico!
I saw last week or so that you suggested people get rid of their lawns by solarizing it for a few months. It surprised me that you suggested this as an alternative to digging up the sod. I have never seen solarizing work well, not as well as you describe, for sure. I always discourage people from doing that.
People really need to dig out the lawn and then take it away to get it ready for any kind of garden or re-planting. Those Kentucky bluegrass rhizomes are just tenacious and just when you think that they must surely be dead…they come back to life.
The easiest thing is to just rent a sod cutter, and stack the sod pieces on the street or in the alley. Then follow up by posting a “Free Sod” ad in the newspaper or Craigslist. Someone will be happy to take it off your hands.
Marilyn Marler University of Montana natural areas specialist
A: Thanks for your side of the story, Marilyn. The solarizing (i.e., covering the lawn with a black tarp for six weeks) can definitely backfire if you remove the tarp too early. But the downside of digging up the sod is you remove a ton of good organic matter and dirt from your future garden spot. Also, sod cutters only work if you have a picture-perfect lawn, and not mixtures of Kentucky bluegrass, quack grass, dandelions and whatever else has blown in. But the black plastic works on anything. And six weeks of summer Montana sun on a black tarp, in my experience, kills everything.
On other fronts, I’ll be returning to the homeland for a week, starting this Sunday and culminating at the farmers’ markets on May 30. Hope to see some of you then!
Send your food and garden queries to firstname.lastname@example.org.